Knowledge for better food systems

Reactions to the EAT-Lancet Commission

Image: Stian Broch, Barley-otto, EAT-Lancet social media kit

Last week’s EAT-Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems has received mixed coverage and reactions, some of which we outline here.

The EAT-Lancet report was covered widely in the mainstream media, including:

Some livestock industry voices have been critical of the report.

For instance, the UK’s Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (ADHB) responded “Farming, in particular dairy and red meat, is part of the solution, making best use of naturally occurring assets to feed a growing population. They are an important nutritional part of a healthy, balanced diet.” The ADHB also noted that alternative proteins are often highly processed and may require imported ingredients, which (it says) might be produced to lower environmental standards.

The ADHB also said “Despite the modelling presented by the EAT Lancet Commission, no study has specifically assessed the environmental impact of diets based solely – or largely – on plant-based protein, as opposed to a mixed diet containing animal protein… In addition, grazing cattle and sheep manage permanent pasture as an effective carbon sink and make use of massive swathes of agricultural land that cannot be used for growing other foods.” For studies on the environmental impacts of different diets including plant-based diet, see Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK, Evaluating the environmental consequences of Swedish food consumption and dietary choices and Environmental impact of omnivorous, ovo-lacto-vegetarian, and vegan diet. For discussion of carbon sequestration through grazing, see the FCRN report Grazed and Confused? For discussion of the ‘livestock from leftovers’ approach that makes use of waste streams and non-arable farmland, see Hannah Van Zanten’s blog A role for livestock in a sustainable food system.

Similarly, the British Meat Processors Association voiced concern, suggesting that the report does not give enough weight to the role of meat in providing nutrients to the global population, and adding “On a more cynical note, the campaign could open the door for new (and old) players in food and agriculture to capitalise on a lucrative new market, and for Governments to eye new tax opportunities in an attempt to curb meat eating.”

In contrast, Beef + Lamb New Zealand welcomed the report, saying “The report also backs matching food production to land capability, which means that New Zealand’s expertise in producing sustainable, lean grass-fed red meat gives us a competitive advantage” (source).

On Twitter, reactions were mixed.

Tim Lang, Professor of Food Policy, said:

Referring to the report, Allan Savory (ecologist and leading advocate of Holistic Management) said:

Dan Crossley of the Food Ethics Council posted a video reaction to the EAT-Lancet Commission, in which he welcomes most of the findings and warns against oversimplifying the debate between vegan and meat-eating diets.

The Good Food Institute tweeted:

Other reactions include:

See the Foodsource chapter What is a healthy sustainable eating pattern?

You can read related research by browsing the following categories of our research library:
And through the keyword categories:

Add comment

Member input

Plain text

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.


AdamZ's picture
Submitted by AdamZ (not verified) on

Population level is a choice. It takes more self-control to give up your favourite foods than it does to stick on a condom or remember to take a pill. If we can't manage the latter, what makes people think we will be able to manage the former?




While some of the food system challenges facing humanity are local, in an interconnected world, adopting a global perspective is essential. Many environmental issues, such as climate change, need supranational commitments and action to be addressed effectively. Due to ever increasing global trade flows, prices of commodities are connected through space; a drought in Romania may thus increase the price of wheat in Zimbabwe.

View global articles





Doc Type