UK supermarket plastic waste is rising
This report by the Environmental Investigation Agency and NGO Greenpeace studies how UK supermarkets have taken action on plastic packaging. It finds that overall plastic packaging used by UK supermarkets has risen by 2% between 2017 and 2018, mainly driven by sales of branded products. Waitrose and Morrisons have made the most progress in reducing plastic packaging.
Although all major UK supermarkets have set targets for reducing plastic packaging, these targets still allow for their overall plastic use to rise if their sales also rise.
Although the 5p tax on single-use plastic bags in England has been credited with reducing their sales by 83%, sales of heavier reusable plastic bags (“bags for life”) have increased so much that it suggests people are treating them as single-use items (read more on economic rebound effects here: Jevons paradox). The top ten supermarkets sold around 54 bags for life per UK household during 2019. Some supermarkets have reduced bag for life sales by charging higher prices for them.
Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area, covering just over 10 million square kilometres or 6.8% of the global land area, but it is the third-most populous continent after Asia and Africa, with a population of around 740 million people or about 11% of the world's population. Its climate is heavily affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent. In the European Union, farmers represent only 4.7% of the working population, yet manage nearly half of its land area.