Knowledge for better food systems

In sweeping war on obesity, Chile slays Tony the Tiger

The Chilean government is using marketing restrictions, packaging regulations and labelling rules to tackle obesity. Three-quarters of adults in the country, and over half of 6-year-old children, are overweight or obese.

The laws were introduced two years ago and have seen cartoon characters removed from sugary food packaging, junk food sales banned from schools and an 18% soda tax introduced. Further developments this year will include a ban on marketing infant formula and a ban on junk food adverts between 6am and 10pm.

Some food companies have reacted with intellectual property lawsuits and television adverts decrying the regulations. However, 20% of all products sold in Chile have been reformulated to avoid having to use the black warning labels on their packaging.

Read the full story here. See also the Foodsource chapter What can be done to shift eating patterns in healthier, more sustainable directions?

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Latin America and the Caribbean

Latin America and the Caribbean occupies the central and southern portion of the Americas. The region is home to the world’s largest river (the Amazon River), the largest rainforest (the Amazon Rainforest), and the longest mountain range (the Andes). Export-oriented agriculture constitutes an important part of the economy, especially in Brazil and Argentina. This large continent has a range of climates spanning the ice of Patagonia, the tropical forests of much of the continent, and more temperate regions in, for example, Mexico and Chile. Due to the greatly differing geography and economic development in the continent, all types of agriculture can be found in Latin America. Subsistence farming and cash cropping with coffee, cocoa and so on are common in many nations including most of central America, whereas large-scale beef production in the cerrado of Brazil provides an example of hyper-large farms run by large businesses.

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