Showing results for: Road transport
This paper examines the common assumption that local foods are more sustainable than foods sourced from more distant locations. Using the multi-criteria decision aid method (MCDA), which allows for multi-dimensional criteria to be assessed, this paper answers the following research question: “how do selected local or global food products compare and which rank first in terms of sustainability performance?”.
Europe is reforming its biofuels policy due to concerns raised about its impact on global land use change patterns and global food markets. The negative environmental impacts of the biofuels policy have been well demonstrated, but what is less clear are the economic implications.
An interesting article demonstrating the rebound effect resulting from increasing energy efficiency in the road freight transport sector in Portugal. Matos F J F and Silva F J F (2011). Energy Policy. The rebound effect on road freight transport: Evidence from Portugal, 39, 5, 2833-2841
The Deparment for Transport has published its 2010 report which reveals a declining level of concern for the environment and and the usual complex tangle of human inconsistencies and hypocrisies.
In November 2009 Japan's Ministry of the Environment released an Annual Report on the Environment, the Sound Material-Cycle Society and the Biodiversity in Japan 2009, Abridged and Illustrated for Easy Understanding.
In July 2008, Stephen Joseph, director of the Campaign for Better Transport (formerly Transport 2000), produced this extremely useful summary of the Department for Transport's current policies and where they may be heading.
A European drive to run vehicles on biofuels instead of petrol and diesel to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is to be reviewed after concerns about its environmental impact.
There is a growing body of research which explores the scope for applying cleaner and renewable fuels to the transport sector, with much attention focused on biofuels. Examples include:
Woods, J and Bauen A. (2003). "Technology Status Review and Carbon Abatement Potential of Renewable Transport Fuels in the UK", DTI New and Renewable Energy Programme, Department for Trade and Industry.
The report, Wise Moves: exploring the relationship between food, transport and CO2, Tara Garnett, Transport 2000, 2003, considers the relationship between food miles and CO2 emissions within the supply chain, examining whether measures to shorten transport distance lead to greater or fewer CO2 emissions within the supply chain as a whole. Drawing upon a number of food studies, it concludes that the food chain is responsible for over 20% of the UK's greenhouse gas emissions.