Guidance: Enabling a Natural Capital Approach, UK
The UK government’s Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) has published a set of resources on “enabling a natural capital approach” (ENCA) to guide policymakers and decisionmakers.
The resources include:
- ENCA guidance showing how projects or policies can incorporate natural capital assessment
- An Excel ENCA assessment template for assessing natural capital impacts
- An ENCA services databook with 200 sources of evidence on ecosystem services such as food production, flood regulation and recreation and environmental impacts such as air pollution and noise
- An ENCA assets databook with UK data sources on natural capital categories, including farmland
- ENCA featured tools developed by DEFRA or its partners
- ENCA case studies
Read more here. See also the Foodsource chapter Food systems and contributions to other environmental problems.
Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area, covering just over 10 million square kilometres or 6.8% of the global land area, but it is the third-most populous continent after Asia and Africa, with a population of around 740 million people or about 11% of the world's population. Its climate is heavily affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent. In the European Union, farmers represent only 4.7% of the working population, yet manage nearly half of its land area.