Antibiotic resistance is also a food and climate issue
In this blog David McCoy, director of Medact, argues that UK farmers and government should work hard to reduce on-farm antibiotic use. With evidence building that antimicrobial resistance in farm animals can be transferred across to humans, the issue is becoming increasingly urgent.
The routine preventative use of antibiotics in animals is a practice which can aid animal growth and is used for a range of species, most frequently in pigs. This practice is forbidden in Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands and Norway and a proposal for an EU wide ban of routine prophylactic antibiotic use is being reviewed. In Sweden and the Netherlands, critically important antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones can only be used after sensitivity testing of pathogens, while in the UK these medications are administered on a large scale to poultry who do not display any sign of disease.
In a business-as-usual scenario, along with meat and dairy consumption, antibiotic use in livestock is predicted to increase by 67% between 2010 and 2030. Given the dangers of the spread of antimicrobial resistance, McCoy urges the government to take action immediately.
Europe is the world's second-smallest continent by surface area, covering just over 10 million square kilometres or 6.8% of the global land area, but it is the third-most populous continent after Asia and Africa, with a population of around 740 million people or about 11% of the world's population. Its climate is heavily affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent. In the European Union, farmers represent only 4.7% of the working population, yet manage nearly half of its land area.
More like this
- Global trends in antimicrobial use in food animals
- Farmageddon: The True Cost of Cheap Meat
- Paper: organic poultry production and antibiotic resistance
- The effects of naming and shaming campaigns: the case of the Dutch factory farmed chicken
- CFS HLPE Report: Sustainable Agricultural Development for Food Security and Nutrition: what roles for Livestock?