Knowledge for better food systems

Marrakesh climate talks represent unique opportunity to decide the future of agriculture within international climate policy

Credit: Juan Mercada, Olor a Marrakesh, Flickr, Creative Commons licence 2.0

Ongoing discussions on agriculture within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), will culminate this year at the COP22 climate negotiations in Marrakech, following a long process since their initiation in Durban in 2011. The talks in Marrakech follow the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2015 which, in its preamble, explicitly refers to safeguarding food security. Also, the vast majority of countries’ Intended Nationally Determined Contributions submissions (i.e. climate pledges) prioritise agriculture as a sector for adaptation and mitigation action.

Ongoing discussions on agriculture within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), will culminate this year at the COP22 climate negotiations in Marrakech, following a long process since their initiation in Durban in 2011. The talks in Marrakech follow the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2015 which, in its preamble, explicitly refers to safeguarding food security. Also, the vast majority of countries’ Intended Nationally Determined Contributions submissions (i.e. climate pledges) prioritise agriculture as a sector for adaptation and mitigation action.

These developments provide a unique window of opportunity to decide on the future of agriculture within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They also present a critical opportunity for countries to develop appropriate frameworks to support actions within the agricultural sector. In response, this briefing provides guidance for climate change negotiators in the form of 10 potential policy options, drafted to help aid the arrival at a final decision text. These detailed options are based on previous discussions and submissions made by countries, as well as four workshops held on the topic at previous negotiations. 

Reference

Dinesh D, Vermeulen S, Bacudo I, Baron DM, Castro-Nunez A, Hedger M, Huyer S, Iversen P, Laure A, Loboguerrero Rodriguez AM, Martius C, Neufeldt H, Nyasimi M, Richards M, Wollenberg L. (2016). Options for agriculture at Marrakech climate talks: messages for SBSTA 45 agriculture negotiators. CCAFS Report No. 16. Copenhagen: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Available online at: www.ccafs.cgiar.org

Read the full briefing here (open access)

 

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While some of the food system challenges facing humanity are local, in an interconnected world, adopting a global perspective is essential. Many environmental issues, such as climate change, need supranational commitments and action to be addressed effectively. Due to ever increasing global trade flows, prices of commodities are connected through space; a drought in Romania may thus increase the price of wheat in Zimbabwe.

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